with (non-recursive in subquery)

Apache DerbyBigQueryDb2 (LUW)H2MariaDBMySQLOracle DBPostgreSQLSQL ServerSQLite20072009201120132015201720192021⚠ 3.36.0 - 3.43.0b⚠ 3.8.3 - 3.35.0ab⊘ 3.5.7 - 3.7.11⊘ 2008R2 - 2022✓ 8.4 - 16⊘ 8.3⚠ 21cc⚠ 12cR1 - 19cb⚠ 11gR2de⚠ 11gR1abcde✓ 8.0.11 - 8.0.34⊘ 5.0 - 5.7⚠ 10.3 - 10.11c⚠ 10.2ce⊘ 5.1 - 10.1⚠ 1.4.197 - 2.2.220aef⊘ 1.4.191 - 1.4.195⚠ 11.5.4 - 11.5.8ac⊘ 9.7 - 11.5.0⚠ 2.0de⊘ -
  1. With implies recursive
  2. With query names are visible in accessed views
  3. With names even mask qualified table names (schema.table)
  4. Without column list: WITH name AS (SELECT…)
  5. CTE in subquery cannot see global CTEs
  6. Query names in with don’t hide schema objects

The with clause can be used in subqueries to define even more locally scoped “views”:

  FROM (  WITH …
        SELECT …
          FROM …
       ) table_name

Normative References

The with recursive clause in subqueries is defined in ISO/IEC 9075-2:2023 §7.17 as optional feature T122, “WITH (excluding RECURSIVE) in subquery”.

You can’t catch up on 20 years of SQL evolution in one day. Subscribe the newsletter via E-Mail, Twitter or RSS to gradually catch up and to keep modern-⁠sql.com on your radar.

About the Author

Photo of Markus Winand

Markus Winand provides insights into SQL and shows how different systems support it at modern-sql.com. Previously he made use-the-index-luke.com, which is still actively maintained. Markus can be hired as trainer, speaker and consultant via winand.at.

Buy the Book

Cover of “SQL Performance Explained”: Squirrel running on grass

The essence of SQL tuning in 200 pages

Buy now!
(paperback and/or PDF)

Paperback also available at Amazon.com.

Hire Markus

Markus offers SQL training and consulting for developers working at companies of all sizes.
Learn more »

Connect with Markus Winand

Markus Winand on LinkedInMarkus Winand on XINGMarkus Winand on Twitter
“modern SQL” by Markus Winand is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License.
Legal | Contact | NO WARRANTY | Trademarks | Privacy and GDPR | CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0 license