Can I use… with recursive (top level)

The with recursive clause allows a query to refer to its own output:

WITH RECURSIVE query_name (column_name, …) AS (
     FROM query_name -- <= Note the self-reference here
) [, …]
  FROM query_name

200520072009201120132015201720192.0BigQuery11.50Db2 (LUW)10.2MariaDB8.0.11MySQL11gR219c1Oracle DB8.4PostgreSQL201620191SQL Server3.8.3SQLite0Without keyword recursive. No join in recursive branch (use comma-join (,) and where clause).1Without keyword recursive.

Normative References

The with recursive clause is defined in ISO/IEC 9075:2016-2 as part of optional feature T131.

About the Author

Photo of Markus Winand

Markus Winand is the SQL Renaissance Ambassador. He is on a mission to introduce developers to the evolution of SQL in the 21st century. Markus can be hired as trainer, speaker and consultant via

Buy his Book on Amazon

Cover of “SQL Performance Explained”: Squirrel running on grass

The essence of SQL tuning in 200 pages

Buy on Amazon
(paperback only)

Paperback and PDF also available at Markus’ store.

Hire Markus

Markus offers SQL training and consulting for developers working at companies of any size.
Learn more »

“modern SQL” by Markus Winand is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License.
Legal | Contact | NO WARRANTY | Trademarks | Privacy and GDPR | CC-BY-NC-ND 3.0 license